Consulting internship recruitment while studying abroad


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JoseBy Jose Santos, Associate Director, Student Career Advising

If you have chosen to study abroad this fall and are interested in consulting internship recruitment, you’re on the path to developing skills that consulting firms value! Adaptability and global competency are key to being a successful consultant.

Consequently, going abroad should not prevent you from participating in consulting internship recruitment. Recruiters have shared that, like on-campus candidates, quality of application is the determining factor in whether or not a student gets an interview.

We would be misleading you if we said that consulting internship recruitment while abroad is easy. Being abroad will require additional preparation, but it is possible; students have successfully secured a consulting internship while abroad. We know you can do it, and NCA is here to support you throughout the entire process.

Employer Perspective
Consulting firms handle study abroad candidates in one of three ways:

  1. Most firms will have study abroad candidates apply through the normal fall recruitment process and will interview the candidate virtually for first-rounds.
  2. Some firms will have an accelerated process for study abroad candidates. For those studying abroad, a firm will have an earlier application deadline, will conduct in-person interviews in a regional office during the summer, and will extend an offer before a student goes abroad.
  3. Rarely, consulting firms will choose not to interview a study abroad candidate because they value an in-person experience.

Since you will most likely be leaving for your study abroad program in August, it is imperative that you start preparing early! NCA has created a Consulting Internship Recruitment Preparation Timeline for Study Abroad Candidates (PDF) to help you maximize your summer. You do not need to inform consulting recruiters that you will be abroad since this will be on your resume. Remember, your career adviser is available to meet with you via phone, Skype, or in-person.

Interview Logistics
NCA can technologically support first-round interviews and will work with you and the recruiter on logistics. If you are selected for a first round interview:

  1. Sign up for an interview slot in Handshake that works with the time zone in which you are living or will be travelling.
  2. Email the recruiter and Geni Harclerode to remind them that you are studying abroad; share your Skype account and international phone number in case there are issues with internet connections.
  3. Review NCA’s Best Practices for Consulting Virtual Interviewing (PDF).
  4. Log into Skype at least 5 minutes before your assigned interview time, and NCA will call you via video conference to start the interview.

For second-round interviews, companies typically do one of the following:

  1. Interview you virtually, much like the first round.
  2. Bring you to a nearby international office for an in-person interview.
  3. Fly you to a domestic office for an in-person interview.
  4. Wait until you are home in December to interview you in-person.
  5. Continue the interview process in-person during winter quarter.

Second round logistics are at each company’s discretion. NCA is always available to help you navigate this process.

Next Steps

  1. Make an appointment with your career adviser to discuss consulting internship recruitment while abroad.
  2. Review NCA’s Consulting Internship Recruitment Preparation Timeline for Study Abroad Candidates (PDF).
  3. Review NCA’s Best Practices for Consulting Virtual Interviewing (PDF).

Good luck!


Annual NCA grant program awards record number of students


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The 2018 Summer Internship Grant Program recipients

By Savannah Christensen, marketing & communications intern for NCA

More than 450 undergraduate students* were awarded grants to pursue unpaid internships in their career field of interest as part of Northwestern Career Advancement’s Summer Internship Grant Program (SIGP). This year’s recipients represent the 12th—and largest—SIGP class since the program’s founding in 2007, when only 10 grants were awarded.

The 11-year-old program provides grants of at least $3,000 to cover students’ living and travel expenses during their internships, which take place across the country and around the world. In 2017, 90% of recipients reported that without support from SIGP they would either need to turn down their internship or pick up a second job.

“For students, having this kind of support can be the difference between working towards your ultimate career goals and not having that option,” says Eleni Vartelas, Northwestern Career Advancement assistant director of employer strategy and SIGP program coordinator. “We want students to have that option and without SIGP they wouldn’t.”

SIGP is funded through a variety of sources, including Northwestern alumni, staff, central administration, parents, and friends of the university. Major contributors include the Alumnae of Northwestern University, Council of One Hundred, Buffett Institute for Global Studies, and NU Club of Washington, D.C.

This summer, SIGP recipients will intern at organizations such as the Chicago Botanic Garden, Museum of Contemporary Art, United Nations Foundation, and hundreds more.

A look at some of 2018’s SIGP recipients

Alaina Arthurs, a rising junior double majoring in English and Linguistics, will spend this summer working at SIL International, a non-profit in Dallas, Texas that serves to preserve languages facing extinction.

“I hope that this experience will give me hands-on exposure to language research and will provide the opportunity to practically apply linguistic theories I’ve learned in an academic setting,” Arthurs says. “I also hope to gain a deeper appreciation for the important role of language in society and its significance for preserving the cultural uniqueness of people groups across the world.”

Rising SESP junior Elizabeth Blair will intern at GirlForward, a nonprofit which serves 9th-12th grade girls in Chicago’s diverse refugee community.

“I can’t emphasize enough that this opportunity would be financially impossible for me without SIGP. I rely heavily on financial aid to attend Northwestern, but unfortunately this aid doesn’t cover my summer living expenses,” Blair says. “Also, having a full-time, unpaid internship means I’m not earning money to cover everything. This is where SIGP comes in! It means I don’t have to worry about expenses and can instead focus on getting the best possible experience out of my summer internship.”

Dylan Gresik, a rising junior in Medill, will intern in the U.S. Senate, conducting research for possible legislation and handling constituent concerns.

“SIGP was absolutely influential in my decision to pursue an internship in Washington,” Gresik says. “Last summer, I was fortunate to receive SIGP, and this scholarship lessened the financial burden of working over the summer without pay. Knowing that most congressional internships were unpaid, I was encouraged to pursue them since I knew I could potentially be awarded SIGP due to the generous support from Northwestern Career Advancement.”

The evolution of SIGP. Number of grants awarded since 2007: From 10 in 2007 to more than 460 in 2018.

*Number of SIGP 2018 recipients was updated on June 25, 2018

New career platform to enhance career experience for Northwestern students


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A new career platform that allows for a more personalized job and internship search experience is now available to Northwestern students and alumni. Northwestern Career Advancement (NCA) introduced Handshake today as its new career platform, replacing its current system, CareerCat, and integrating Medill’s career platform, MEDILLINK. The two systems now share the same platform on Handshake, while still maintaining options for employers to recruit from specific schools or majors.

Northwestern Career Advancement launches new career platform, Handshake, on June 5

Students will use Handshake to search for and apply to jobs and internships, schedule appointments with career advisers and counselors, and view educational and employer-related programs. A personalized user experience driven by student preference, a more user-friendly interface, and more options for profile customization are just a few of the features students can look forward to using as they explore and prepare for career opportunities.

“Handshake provides Northwestern students with a modern, customized interface designed to support all of their career needs. The more students use the system, the more they will see recommendations tailored to their interests, major(s) and skills. This allows students to spend less time searching and more time applying for internships and full-time opportunities,” said NCA Executive Director Mark Presnell, in an e-mail to Northwestern campus partners.

Handshake will also enhance the recruiting experience for Northwestern’s employer partners, who have been able to access the new system since early May to begin posting opportunities prior to the student launch. In Handshake, employers can target specific majors and schools or broadly connect with Northwestern students, depending on their hiring needs.

Students are encouraged to log into Handshake to complete their profiles, select career interests and become familiar with the new platform and its features. More information about Handshake can be found on Northwestern Career Advancement’s website.

NEXT ’18: Job shadowing @ The Lighthouse Emotional Wellness Center


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Antonia is a first-year student in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences majoring in psychology and minoring in music cognition. She participated in the 2018 Northwestern Externship Program (NEXT) and spent a day job shadowing a Northwestern alumnus at The Lighthouse Emotional Wellness Center in Schaumburg, IL.Job shadowing at The Lighthouse Emotional Wellness Center as part of the Northwestern Externship Program.

I applied for NEXT because I wanted to gain more specific knowledge on clinical psychology. Although I have learned a lot about psychology in general, I have not been formally taught about clinical psychology. All I really know is that clinical psychology focuses on the treatment of patients with emotional and mental disorders.

In April, I shadowed Edward Oriole at the Lighthouse Emotional Wellness Center. Lighthouse offers individual, family, and couples therapy, and they gear their services toward the improvement of one’s mental and emotional health. Edward pursued both his undergraduate and graduate degrees at Northwestern University, majoring in psychology and clinical psychology, respectively. His work mostly involves the use of Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy, encouraging active thinking and changes in one’s belief system regarding others’ intentions. He also works with patients that have suffered from drug addictions with the same methods. I was intrigued by Edward because his education followed the same path that I have planned.

Throughout the externship, I observed the environment of the lobby and offices. Although I could not observe any of Edward’s therapy sessions due to confidentiality and comfort levels, I still gained knowledge about what is effective in a clinical psychologist’s workplace. I frequently heard white noise and saw calming imagery such as fish and warm yellow walls. The comfortable, intimate environment of Lighthouse benefits the emotional well-being of a patient before they visit their therapist.

My biggest takeaway from this externship is that the main goal of clinical psychologists is to put mental health first. When Edward conducts couples therapy, his goal is not to keep couples together at all costs; he wants what makes each member of the couple happy. In general, the main goal of therapy is to advocate for positive mental health, not keep people in one’s life.

Finally, Edward offered one important piece of advice that I had not previously thought of: the more you relate to your patient, the more they will prefer you and stick with you. Patients want to feel confident in their therapists, and they want to feel an intimate connection. They need someone in their life that will listen to them and know how to help them because they have lacked that figure for most of their life.

Career Q&A for International Students: Recruitment Jumpstart


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Photo of Rachel Garson Taylor, M.A., LPC, NCA assistant director of student career advising, serving students in Kellogg Certificate Program for Undergraduates.By Rachel Taylor, NCA Assistant Director, serving students in the Kellogg Certificate Program for Undergraduates.

Welcome to the International Student Career Advice blog series! Each month, NCA will feature a Q&A with current and/or former Northwestern international students about their experiences navigating the U.S. job/internship search process. In this month’s edition, NCA solicited feedback from two former international students now working in the U.S.:

  • Chinese undergraduate in Industrial Engineering and Mathematical Methods in the Social Sciences, now working in consulting
  • Turkish undergraduate in Industrial Engineering and Economics now working in financial services

Here are their responses to questions related to preparation for the U.S. based job/internship search:

In your first position after Northwestern, what have you learned about the U.S. work place?

  • Make a friend at work! Building personal connections with colleagues is critical to get up to speed quickly, and to be happy. It takes conscious efforts to go beyond the “transactions” – pure work interactions, emails, and grabbing coffees – and to maintain friendship. Do small things to make yourself useful, organizing team happy hours, community service events, etc. go a long way.
  • I interned both in my home country (Turkey) and in the U.S. U.S. workplace is much more focused and work driven. Everyone pushes you to do your best at any given time.

Please describe any cultural norms that you have observed that are different than your country of origin.

  • Hierarchy exists in the U.S. for sure but is not as rigid as in Asia. Taking initiatives and claiming credit are mostly rewarded, but back-fire in a team-focused culture in the U.S. Gender bias is a very real issue in the U.S. and everywhere else, and you need to be prepared for how different cultural settings may generate and respond to these issues.
  • There is definitely a more intense environment than Turkey. Culturally people are more reserved and sometimes less open to help. They kind of want you to figure it out on your own.

What surprised you most about transitioning from being an international student to a working professional?

  • My accent/English was not a barrier as much as I thought. Perfect English doesn’t guarantee good communication. I have found that proactively seeking immediate feedback after presentations from colleagues also enhanced trust and my personal brand.
  • Actually I was expecting to struggle more with the workload. Northwestern has prepared us well in this manner, I did not have a problem taking on a big workload as the only entry level analyst in my group.

What advice do you have for international students preparing to launch their career?

  • Be strategic about what you develop. My strategy is to extrapolate and build on what made me successful on campus to the top 5%.  My strategy is to extrapolate and build on what made me successful on campus to the top 5%.  By focusing on what you are able to contribute, rather than your weak spots and fears, you will be able to make an make impact and enjoy the work more.
  • Definitely pay attention during the recruitment cycle. Communicate with professionals and try to make your name known during the interview process. You can be really, really good but not end up with a company that has a big name, and that is okay. Try to choose the workplace that will support you and develop you.

What you should know about the arts & entertainment job/internship search


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The arts and entertainment job/internship searchSavannah Christensen, marketing & communications intern for NCA, interviews Laura Myers, associate director of student career advising for students in the School of Communication and Bienen, to gain insight into the job and internship search process in the arts and entertainment industries.

SC: What majors or minors would you recommend for students interested in arts & entertainment?
LM: Well, here at Northwestern, students are not defined by their major. I would say that what’s nice about Northwestern is that you could be, for example, an Econ major, and go into the arts, if you shape your experiences by what your internships are and what your involvement is. So I don’t think that there is one major that is the major for these fields.

SC: You mentioned internships. Do you think they are key to arts & entertainment career paths?
LM: Oh, yes. Like any industry, internships are really important. But I will say, everything doesn’t have to be called an internship. For example, within entertainment, if a student were to have an opportunity to help out on a film set, they might not call that an internship, but it’s definitely still a valuable experience. On the flip side, within arts, we’ve done panels where we’ve brought alumni back who are doing arts administration, and an overwhelming amount of them say that their “in” into arts administration was really from, not an internship, but from a volunteer experience that they’d had. Let’s say they had a day job or volunteered as an usher at the Chicago Symphony Orchestra…they got to know people. That way when a position did open up, they had that advantage.

SC: For students who are looking for an internship, or to volunteer, what organizations would you recommend they look into? In the Chicago area specifically?
LM: I think there’s a lot of opportunity in the Chicago area. For the arts, there are many amazing museums, and almost all of them post internships in CareerCat. There’s the Art Institute of Chicago and the Museum of Contemporary Art. There are also a lot of strong music organizations and orchestras like the CSO and Grant Park Music Festival. For entertainment, there are a number of talent and casting agencies in Chicago. I would strongly recommend students do some research into those organizations and reach out to people and network.

SC: Speaking of networking, how important is it to arts & entertainment?
LM: In all industries networking is important, but I would say in entertainment specifically, with film and TV, it is probably more important than any industry. Here’s the myth I try to bust for students: they think they have to know someone already or their family has to know someone. That’s really not true. We have such a strong Northwestern network… we have such a presence in the entertainment world. And I would say, from my experience… I’ve taken students three times now to L.A. for the film & TV career trek that we do, so I’ve learned a lot about the industry and I’ve gotten to know a lot of alumni. They are the nicest, most willing alums to talk to students, because it is a very work-your-way-up industry and a lot about who you know. But the “who you know” can be a Northwestern alum that you meet. So I try to reassure students that you don’t have to know someone already. You can use that Northwestern connection.

SC: Would you recommend students actively engage in these industries? Go to events or shows? Interact with performers or directors?
LM: Yes for sure. A film producer who is part of the career trek always emphasizes that you have to know what’s happening. You need to read Variety, you need to know what’s coming out and what films are being made. If you have an opportunity to go to a show or event, and go up to someone and be bold, do it. A student I currently advise shared a story with me about a very bold move she made. When there was a very famous entertainment alum on campus, she gave that person her resume, and it paid off because less than nine months later, she was contacted for an updated resume to apply for a position and landed an internship! So I tell students all the time, the more proactive you are, the better.

*This interview has been edited and condensed.

Career Q&A for International Students: Recruitment Jumpstart


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Photo of Rachel Garson Taylor, M.A., LPC, NCA assistant director of student career advising, serving students in Kellogg Certificate Program for Undergraduates.By Rachel Taylor, NCA Assistant Director, serving students in the Kellogg Certificate Program for Undergraduates

Welcome to the International Student Career Advice blog series! Each month, NCA will feature a Q&A with current and/or former Northwestern international students about their experiences navigating the U.S. job/internship search process. In this month’s edition, NCA solicited feedback from three current international students:

  • Chinese undergraduate in Industrial Engineering working in financial services (sales & trading)
  • Indian undergraduate in Mathematical Methods in the Social Sciences and Economics working in consulting
  • Chinese undergraduate in Computer Science and Mathematics working in technology

Here are their responses to questions related to preparation for the U.S.-based job/internship search:

What is one thing that surprised you most about the recruitment timelines for your industry?

  • One thing that really surprised me is how early you have to prepare for recruitment. The timeline keeps moving up and the diversity recruitment/accelerated process can happen even earlier. Once the interviewing starts the spots can fill quickly, and there’s only a handful of firms that hire international students. It’s helpful to submit application early and check in with recruiters periodically to get a sense of how far along in the process they are.
  • The timeline for consulting is very regimented and easily discoverable through CareerCat. It is imperative to compile the timeline early so that you know which companies will be on campus on which dates.
  • I recruited for two industries at once in fall quarter, which is something that not most people would do. Tech industry’s timeline starts early in the summer – I unfortunately started a little bit late in the fall. Consulting industry timeline is pretty much what I expected so no surprises there.

When and how did you prepare for recruitment?

  • I started my recruitment preparations fall quarter of junior year, which in hindsight was late. I ended up being lucky but most people actually start to network and prepare their sophomore even freshmen year, which is now even more important given the shift in recruitment timing. When I was searching for junior year summer internships I didn’t really have a clear idea about which specific area in finance I wanted to pursue. It took me a lot of time to figure that out and then prepare for my technical interviews in the specific division. I think it’s good to join some finance clubs on campus, talk to the people in the industry and get a sense of what the career really is like early on. I also started following the markets in spring and that helped with the market questions during interviews.
  • I attended any recruitment events that were organized by firms I held an interest in during the spring and fall quarter. During summer break, my preparations predominantly focused on reaching out to former and potential connections at firms I was interested in in order to learn more about the nuances of the firms and build my network.  In addition, I did case prep to brush up my skills.
  • I started preparing for both tech and consulting in the summer. I studied really hard on the technical for software engineering internships, such as algorithms and data structures. For consulting, I did finish the whole Case In Point book and a few practice cases from Kellogg’s MBA casebook.

How did your preparation give you an advantage in the search process?

  • Talking to people and having a genuine interest about the business really helped. I think it’s something that takes time to build up and it really shows during the interviews. Also for S&T a lot of the preparation is following the markets, interpreting information and being able to talk about it. I got a lot of market related questions during the interview and it would have been hard to give solid answers if I hadn’t been following along for months.
  • Understanding early that networking was the most effective way to an interview selection allowed me to focus a substantial amount of my time and effort in the right place, instead of going overboard with interview prep too early in the process.
  • Because I had prepared for interviews over the summer, I was able to use the time during fall quarter to maximize my time at events that allowed for networking and information gathering.

What advice do you have for undergraduates about using spring and summer to prepare for recruitment?

  • Finance is a very competitive industry, especially for international students, so if you think this is what you want to do you have to start early: researching, networking and prepping for interviews. It’s also important to talk to as many people as you can during spring and summer to get a sense of the different divisions. Because the recruitment process can be so different for each division, I recommend first figuring out what’s better suited for you, then focusing on that specific area.
  • Take time in the spring and summer to zero in on the firms that interest you, and build your network at these organizations. This is a down time for recruitment at these firms, and as a result, first and second years are very open to speaking to prospective candidates, either on the phone or in person over coffee.
  • Know what industry you want to recruit for. Don’t spend time on industries that you are not interested but feel compelled to apply due to peer pressure. Use summer time to brush up your skills on the technicals because once fall quarter kicks in there will be very little time to spare while managing your classes and activities.

How to Break into Arts Administration


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How to break into arts administrationBy NCA’s Arts & Media Industry Team with the help of LaWanda May from the Chicago Children’s Museum and Darius Epps from the Wolf Trap Foundation for the Performing Arts

Have you been thinking about pursuing a career path in arts administration? Perhaps you aren’t completely sure what working for an arts organization entails and want to learn more. We’ve got you covered with expert advice from two professionals in the field: LaWanda May is the Human Resources Manager at Chicago Children’s Museum (CCM) and Darius Epps is the Internships and Community Programs Manager at Wolf Trap Foundation for the Performing Arts (WT). We interviewed them to give you this insider’s perspective.

What exactly is arts administration anyway?

Also known as arts management, professionals in this industry work behind the scenes to operate the business side of an arts or cultural organization. Arts administrators are the bridge between art, artists, and audiences. Arts administration roles can be found within orchestras, theaters, dance companies, museums, galleries, educational institutions, arts centers/agencies, arts festivals, operas, and more. If you are interested in reading a bit more about this you can find more information on NCA’s Arts Industry page.

How can students break into the industry?

CCM: “It really depends on which institution you are interested in. Some arts institutions are only interested in artists that are working artists and that show work, while institutions like CCM, have interests in those who have more of education-based job experience. Also, involvement is the best way to break into any industry. A lot of working multiple part-time jobs and doing contract work.”

WT: “Take advantage of opportunities when they’re presented. Being open to exploring new possibilities can expand your network and provide you with valuable information and skills. No one’s career path is ever linear, so remain open to change and growth.”

How can a resume stand out when you are reviewing so many?

CCM: “List specifics. Pull out the little pieces that relate to the job description that you are applying for. Do your research and customize your resume so that it reflects the same values and skills requested for the job. Proofread your resume. Have someone with fresh eyes look at it as well.”

WT: “Any additional experience outside of the workplace (i.e.: service organizations, community groups, etc.) are always great to see. They can often provide insight into leadership qualities, the ability to work on a team, and willingness to show initiative.”

What is your process for reviewing cover letters? How important are they in your decision to interview a candidate?

WT: “Cover letters are a chance for applicants to share their story and convey their passion or interest in our organization. This gives an added personal touch to the application that simply cannot be communicated through the job experience listed on a resume.”

CCM: “Use the cover letter to express your interests and to highlight your past experiences and what you can do/learn in the new role that will enhance the position. With the cover letter, it never hurts to do your research and to mention specific attributes the institution has and how that complies with your career choices. Write a cover letter and cite how you are suited for the specific job and organization you are applying for. Being detailed oriented (not just creative) goes a long way.”

What does your interview process look like?

WT: “Interviews for our internship and apprenticeship program are conducted over the phone with a hiring supervisor, and sometimes a few colleagues within the same department. Questions can vary depending on the position, but generally cover work experience, interest in the program, professional goals, etc.”

CCM: “For our organization, we typically phone screen first (HR), if the candidate moves on, they are invited in for an in-person interview (HR and Hiring manager – in some cases an interview team). Some common questions include:

  • Why are you interested in our organization?
  • What is appealing about the position that inspired you to apply?
  • How has your experience prepared you for this role?
  • What are your strengths that would help you succeed in this role?
  • What do you feel are growth opportunities/what can you learn from this role?
  • What are your short and long-term goals?
  • What would you expect to gain from this opportunity (expectations)?

What advice do you have for students about interview preparation?

WT: “Prepare for your interview by practicing answers to standard questions, as well as researching the hiring organization. With the technology available today, it’s very easy to find information about current and future endeavors that are sure to impress during an interview.”

What specific skills and qualities do you typically look for when hiring for internships and entry-level positions?

CCM: “A willingness to learn, assist the supervisor in their development (open communication, letting them know what they are hoping to get out of the experience), enthusiasm about the opportunity, [and] flexib[ility] with the learning process.”

WT: “It can vary from position to position. Overall, we like to know how the internship/apprenticeship opportunity will encourage your professional growth. The opportunities offered at Wolf Trap for interns and apprentices place education at the forefront with an emphasis on professionalism and fun. Hired applicants can expect to leave their internship or apprenticeship ready to enter the workforce.”

Learn more about opportunities at the Chicago Children’s Museum and Wolf Trap Foundation for the Performing Arts by visiting their websites and keep an eye out for upcoming NCA programming to learn more about the arts administration industry. Remember, you can always make an appointment to meet with your career adviser or counselor via CareerCat!

How to Network as an International PhD


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Elysse Longiotti is an assistant director of student career advising serving doctoral students in The Graduate SchoolBy Elysse Longiotti, M.A., M.S., Assistant Director, Student Career Advising, serving doctoral students in The Graduate School.

Note: This post is part of NCA’s blog series for international students, but the following networking advice is relevant for all PhD students.

In the last two Q&A blog posts for international students, advisers and alumni discussed the importance of networking in the job search. Just as networking plays an important role in securing a postdoctoral fellowship, it is essential to learn more about different industries, career pathways, and positions outside of the academic job market. This can seem particularly daunting, as many enter into networking situations feeling as though they need to make an inauthentic sales pitch for themselves with the goal of getting something explicit from a conversation. However, this is a misguided approach to networking that will seldom result in successful relationship-building.

The first challenge to overcome when approaching networking is to re-frame what you hope to accomplish. Conversations should not be viewed as transactions intended to gain an immediate referral, interview, internship, etc., but instead, as the first step in developing a professional relationship. Chances are, contacting a random person on LinkedIn at a company of interest with a transparent goal of securing one of the aforementioned opportunities will yield little response. There needs to be a deeper intentionality and connection when you reach out to professionals. For example, contacting individuals with whom you share something in common – your department, your graduate or undergraduate institution, your field or discipline – and calling immediate attention to those commonalities will only increase your chance of receiving a response. Keep in mind, those you choose to contact are potential peers and colleagues in an industry or at an organization you hope to, at a minimum, learn more about.

The first thing, then, is to consider how to be authentic and maintain your values when reaching out to strangers. Though the bulk of initial networking conversations will be focused on your contact, you should have your own narrative prepared – commonly referred to as an elevator pitch. Crafting your elevator pitch requires you to take time to think through how your research and other professional experiences have led you to explore whatever opportunity you’re hoping to learn more about. Your pitch does not need to sell yourself, your awards or your accomplishments, nor does it need to go into the same type of technical detail with which you might provide someone from your field at an academic conference. You should instead tailor the story you want to tell based on the individual you’re reaching out to, or the industry you’re hoping to explore. Consider some of the following: what have you enjoyed most about your research?; how does that tie into what you hope will be your next professional role?; what (if applicable) experiences do you have in the industry you’re hoping to enter – past positions, internships, contract work, etc.? Preparing a thoughtful professional narrative helps set the tone and direction for initial conversations.

Equal consideration needs to be shown to those you connect with. Devoting time to think about your interest in the person you’re contacting is essential to facilitating an authentic exchange. What do you hope to learn from the person on the other side of your LinkedIn request, email, or phone? Think about questions you have about their day-to-day work load and projects. How and with whom do they collaborate, what is their work environment like, etc.? See the NCA Career Guide for more examples of potential questions. As a PhD, you may want to target employees with PhDs in an industry or company you’re exploring. You can then ask further tailored questions about challenges they encountered transitioning from academic research, primary differences, and ways they continue to apply training and experience gained during graduate school. Notice – all of these questions are focused on gleaning advice and insight, not an interview. When you engage someone with a genuine interest in the information and expertise they have to offer, you set yourself up to have more points of contact in the future.

The most important thing to keep in mind when approaching networking is that it is through relationships from which referrals are made, not stand-alone conversations. As Joseph Barber from the University of Pennsylvania wrote in his recent article, A Networking Rule to Live By, “[n]etworking is not the process of reaching out to people. Networking is the process of thinking about whom to reach out to, why, with what goal.”

4 Considerations When Selecting a Writing Sample


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By Taylor Kinn, NCA Assistant Director of Student Career Advising, serving students enrolled in the Harvey Kapnick Center for Business Institutions MinorBy Taylor Kinn, NCA Assistant Director of Student Career Advising, serving students enrolled in the Harvey Kapnick Center for Business Institutions Minor

If you are in the process of applying for an internship or full-time position there is a chance employers may request a writing sample as part of your application. Ultimately, an employer wants to know more about your written communication and evaluate your ability to perform in the role. Below are a few questions I recommend you consider when selecting a writing sample:

  • Who is your audience? Consider what you know about the employer: the industry, client focus, or other aspects of the employer’s work can provide guidance on selecting a topic for your writing sample. For example, if the organization focuses on public policy in urban areas and you’ve written a course paper about the impact of educational policy in Chicago, this could demonstrate both your interest in the employer’s work and the knowledge that you’ll bring to the role. This is an example of how industry and employer research can help to inform your application.
  • Why are they requesting a writing sample? You also want to consider the style of writing the employer is interested in reviewing. Consider the role and how writing and communication play into the tasks you will be asked to accomplish. For example, writing press releases, blog content, and client reports may require three distinct styles.
  • What do you hope to share? The content and style of your writing should ultimately showcase your Both the topic and style of writing are ways for you to demonstrate the knowledge and skills you can offer the employer. For example, if an employer wants to see that you can analyze information, this skillset may be better showcased in a research paper rather than an opinion based essay or non-fiction piece of work. Or, if creativity is important, sharing a piece that clearly conveys your ideas and point of view will be most effective.
  • Should you draft a new sample or use an existing one? There may be a situation in which creating a writing sample specifically for the application makes the most sense. The employer may even request this. For example, an employer may want to see how you communicate professionally and request that you submit a mock email. However, just because you haven’t written a course paper or other piece about the industry to which you are applying doesn’t automatically mean you need to create a sample. Still, you may decide that tailoring the content and/or style of writing to a given employer or industry is most effective for your application.

Keep in mind that most writing samples will be 2-3 pages, unless otherwise specified, and a section of a larger work can be used. Be sure to follow instructions about the requested writing sample and always proofread. Your ability to follow instructions is another way employers assess your attention to detail.

Don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with your career adviser (for job/internship applications), or career counselor (for graduate school applications) if you have any additional questions about how to select a writing sample or other aspects of the application process. The Writing Place can also provide you with guidance and feedback. Best of luck selecting your next writing sample!